Career Opportunities in Genomics

Female doctor speaking to woman pointing at a piece of paper

Ever wondered what types of jobs you can pursue in the field of genetics and genomics? The US National Human Genome Research Institute (part of the NIH) has put together a summary guide of the various types of positions. This is limited to mostly health and clinical research, but there are other career opportunities in genomics in environmental sciences, forensics and other fields. Each position will have different educational requirements, so be sure to consider that as you review the career opportunities. In addition, several educational funding opportunities are listed. 

Careers in Genomics

Computational Genomics and Data Scientists
Scientists develop and apply analytical methods and mathematical modeling techniques to the study of genomic systems. They use computational tools and approaches to organize, analyze and visualize data from genomic sciences and genomic medicine research. 

Technology Development
Technologists innovate fundamentally new solutions, develop those innovations into useful tools, show those new tools work with exemplar work, disseminate their findings and approaches, and provide a path to commercialization and utilization in basic research and clinical settings.

Genomics Researcher
Genomic researchers study the effects of genes on physical traits and how multiple genes and their inter relationships influence disease, the growth and development of an organism and their responses to the environment.

Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications (ELSI) Research
ELSI researchers investigate the ethical, legal, social or policy implications of genetics and genomics related to patient care and research. ELSI investigators have backgrounds in medicine, genetics, biological sciences, social sciences, ethics, philosophy, history, health services research, public policy or other related disciplines. 

Genomic Medicine Clinician
Clinicians including nurses, nurse practitioners, pharmacists, physicians, and physician assistants that apply genomic information about an individual as part of their clinical care (e.g. for diagnostic or therapeutic decision-making). 

Clinical and Laboratory Geneticist
Doctors with either a Ph.D. or M.D. that specialize in providing comprehensive laboratory, diagnostic, management, and genetic counseling services for patients with, or at risk for, genetically influenced health problems.

Genetic Counselor
Genetic counselors are professionals who have specialized education in genomics and counseling to provide personalized help patients may need as they make decisions about their genomic health and adapt to genomic risk.

Funding Opportunities

Multiple programs and funding opportunities exist to support individuals interesting in pursuing a career in genomics. Below are some of the funding opportunities at NHGRI. For a complete list and contact information, visit this website.

Individual Fellowship for Students at Institutions Without NIH-Funded Institutional Predoctoral Dual-Degree Training Programs (Parent F30)
PA-19-192
Supports students who are matriculated in a combined M.D./Ph.D. or other dual-doctoral degree training programs (e.g., DO/Ph.D., DDS, Ph.D., Au.D./Ph.D., DVM/Ph.D.).

Individual Predoctoral Fellowship (F31)
PA-19-195
Supports doctoral students

Individual Predoctoral Fellowship to Promote Diversity (F31)
PA-19-195
Supports doctoral students from diverse backgrounds 

Individual Postdoctoral Fellowship (F32)
PA-19-188
Supports postdoctoral scientists

NIH Pathway to Independence Award (K99/R00)
PA-19-130
Supports postdoctoral scientists

Maximizing Opportunities for Scientific and Academic Independent Careers (MOSAIC) Postdoctoral Career Transition Award to Promote Diversity (K99/R00)
PA-19-343
Supports postdoctoral scientists from diverse backgrounds

Research Supplements to Promote Diversity in Health-Related Research (Admin Supp)
PA-18-906
Administrative supplements to improve the diversity of the research workforce by recruiting and supporting students, post doctorates, and eligible investigators from groups that have been shown to be underrepresented in health-related research.

NHGRI-Supported Training Programs
The National Human Genomic Research Institute funds training and career development programs at academic, medical and other institutions throughout the United States.
For locations visit this website.