Intestinal epithelial absorption of dietary lipids is a major determinant of animal energy balance and metabolic health. Recent studies uncovered significant roles for intestinal microbiota in this process, but underlying mechanisms remain unresolved. Araújo et al.
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, the world's leading cause of death. The prevalence of hypertension is disproportionately higher in South Asian countries than in other regions of the world.
Intra-tumoral heterogeneity (ITH) could represent clonal evolution where subclones with greater fitness confer more malignant phenotypes and invasion constitutes an evolutionary bottleneck. Alternatively, ITH could represent branching evolution with invasion of multiple subclones.
BACKGROUND: Approaches for quantifying physical resilience in older adults have not been described. METHODS: We apply two conceptual approaches to defining physical resilience to existing longitudinal data sets in which outcomes are measured after an acute physical stressor.
BACKGROUND:Patient preferences pertaining to surgical options for thyroid cancer management are not well studied. Our aim was to conduct a discrete-choice experiment (DCE) to characterize participants' views on the relative importance of various risks and benefits associated with lobectomy vs.
BACKGROUND:The American Heart Association, in conjunction with the National Institutes of Health, annually reports on the most up-to-date statistics related to heart disease, stroke, and cardiovascular risk factors, including core health behaviors (smoking, physical activity, diet, and weight) an
Late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) can, in part, be considered a metabolic disease. Besides age, female sex and APOE ε4 genotype represent strong risk factors for AD that also give rise to large metabolic differences.
© 2019 Background: Acylcarnitines have important functions in mitochondrial energetics and β-oxidation, and have been implicated to play a significant role in metabolic functions of the brain.